index page Wintons Opinion cars index page Global Warming stories page under construction

Alfa Romeo 159
Alfa Romeo 159
Is This Déjà Vu All Over Again?
Alfa Romeo 159
Alfa Romeo 159
Alfa Romeo 159
Alfa Romeo 159
Alfa Romeo 159

Looks Great, Goes Well, Sounds Awesome; But Old Questions Remain
Wait For The New Dealers, Study Residual Estimates, Quality Surveys

MUNICH, Germany A few of us who have been around the block a few times know that when dealing with recovering alcoholics, you never believe the promises, only the evidence.

Alfa Romeo has a record as long as your arm. It has flattered to deceive for as long as I can remember. The previous attempt to trump BMW’s 3-Series, the 156, bombed. European sales of the 156 slumped to 48,000 in 2004 after less than 70,000 in 2002 and 2003, well shy of 2000’s almost 120,000 peak.

The 156 was greeted by a hyperventilating motoring press as Alfa’s saviour. It was pretty, it went like stink, it sounded great, it handled well. Unfortunately, as with previous Alfas, the ownership experience told a different story. Chronic unreliability, coupled with an incompetent, often surly, disinterested and thinly spread dealership network meant that the 156 actually did more harm than good to the brand. Its superficial attractiveness sucked in the gullible who were spat out, never to return.

Now Alfa expects us to forget all this and shout “The King is Dead, Long Live the King” for the 156 replacement, the new 159. The portents aren’t good. On the press launch, held in Munich of all places, (BMW, undisputed king of the small executive motor and much else, lives here) the new 159s served to remind us of the mountain Alfa has to climb. Yes, the car is good to look at; it looks a bit like a chubbier version of the 156. Yes, it drives well, and sounds good. But many of the launch cars were less than perfect, when only perfect will do for a tainted brand.

Dodgy Electrics
One car broke down because of dodgy electronics and had to limp back to base, only allowed a maximum of about 20 mph. Other cars had assorted minor glitches including transmission whines and rattles; one had a mystery noise from behind the dashboard.

“Don’t worry, these are pre-production models,” said Alfa officials.

Despite Alfa’s gruesome track record and a botched launch, the British motoring press rolled over on its back for its stomach to be tickled.

“The new Alfa 159 isn’t just an impressive sports saloon: it could finally put an end to German dominance,” said Autocar.

“Stunning 159 has the look of a winner,” said another British weekly, Auto Express.

Presumably, the reporters sent to report on the 159 for these magazines were about 19 years old, and hadn’t bothered to do any research on Alfa Romeo’s history.

To its credit, Alfa Romeo has taken criticism on board, and unveiled some concrete measures to shore up its weaknesses.

Maintenance Contract
The 159 has a 3 year maintenance contract which is included in the price across Europe. A 3 year guaranty for up to 75,000 miles/120,000 kms can be extended to 5 years and 120,000 miles/180,000 kms.

Chief Executive Karl Heinz Kalbfell agreed that Alfa, because of its chequered past, had to give customers a reason to come back. He acknowledged that poor service had been a problem and the dealer network had to be strengthened.

But the new 159 changes everything, according to Kalbfell.

“The 159 provides new levels of technology and refinement and will be the basis for a new commercial future,” he said.

And Kalbfell, a former high-ranking BMW executive whose last job was leading Rolls-Royce, addressed head on, possibly the most important problem facing would-be Alfa buyers – depreciation. Kalbfell, quoting data from EurotaxGlass’s, the car price residual value guru, said that the new 159 is so good that it will retain values after 3 years almost comparable to luxury brands like BMW and Mercedes.

Given that the 156’s retained value after 3 years was almost 25 percentage points below the BMW 3-Series’ close to 60 per cent, this was sensational news. Kalbfell was asked later in London what factors had persuaded EurotaxGlass’s that the 159’s residuals were likely to be on a par with leading compact executive cars.

“We just presented the car to them, then let them drive it, feel it and talk about it. We can’t influence them, that was their impression. They made their minds up,” Kalbfell said.

But according to EurotaxGlass’s, Kalbfell’s data referred to prices across Europe, where second-hand values for the likes of BMW and Mercedes aren’t able to retain the huge premiums over Mondeos and Vectras seen, for better or worse, in Britain.

“In the U.K, there’s a background history of quality questions and dealer issues (for Alfa Romeo). Yes, this new car is superior in build and design and will compete more robustly, but has not yet reached the premium level to match BMW and Mercedes,” said Jason King, Forecasting Editor at EurotaxGlass’s.

“It’s still too early to calculate (U.K. retained value), not least because the prices haven’t been set yet. It’s too early to come up with hard and fast figures,” said King.

The 159 will initially be available with a choice of 6 engines – three petrol and three diesel. The petrols are 1.9 litre 160 bhp, 2.2 185 bhp, and the flagship 3.2 V6 260 bhp, which sounds absolutely fabulous under heavy acceleration. The diesels are 1.9 litre 150 bhp, 1.9 120 bhp, and 2.4 litre 200 bhp.

BMW 330d Rival?
I drove the 2.4 litre. 5-cylinder diesel, which with its 200 bhp power output and six-speed manual gearbox, looks on paper like a direct rival to the BMW 330d, which I own, and will be replacing soon. Automatic versions will be available across the range after launch.

First impressions were good. The car does look impressive. It certainly looks a lot like the pretty 156, but its bulkiness means that it has a more muscular, tougher presence. The doors don’t seem as heavy as a BMW’s, but the interior is beautiful, with the main dials tilting towards the driver as we expect from Alfa. The overall impression is of quality, airiness, comfort. There’s more room in the back as you’d expect from a car that is 225 mm longer, 85 mm wider with a 105 mm longer wheelbase than the old one, making it almost as big as the next car up in the range, the 166.

The car drives like an Alfa, with terrific, quick, accurate steering. The ride is good, although don’t forget this was on German roads, not the potholed apologies we have in Britain. Surprisingly, the engine, which at 200 bhp, promised an electrifying performance, didn’t come up to scratch. The gearbox was ok. The engine sounded a bit noisy and boomy at motorway cruising speeds.

Not Star Of Geneva
Call me picky, and I know all manufacturers can’t resist a bit of hyperbole when they launch their new babies, but Alfa’s blurb had me spluttering with indignation.

“The undisputed star of the recent Geneva International Motor Show, the Alfa 159, now makes its market debut.”

That’s how Alfa’s 159 introduction to the press kit starts. I quickly looked at my coverage of the show, and far from being the undisputed star, the 159 was one of many interesting cars launched.

The problem with Alfa is despite being able to produce magical cars in terms of flair and emotion, it has never been able to match the Germans, or the Japanese for that matter, in providing a secure buying experience for its customers.

Don’t Do It
My advice to anyone considering buying the 159 would be “Hold On!”

Wait at least 2 years to see how the residual values look in the real world, not some hopeful estimation. See if Alfa produces the high-quality dealerships it is now touting, and pay attention to reports like J.D.Power’s quality surveys.

Remember, promises you’ve heard before are 10 a penny; only hard evidence counts.

Neil Winton – June 30, 2005

Alfa Romeo 159 JTDm 2.4
2.4 litre, 5 cylinder
200 bhp
6-speed manual
Front wheels
0-62 mph/100 km/h 8.4 seconds
Top Speed:
142 mph-228 km/h
Fuel Consumption:
Combined claimed 41.6 mpg-6.8l/100km
179 g/km
4,660 mm
Height: 1,417
1,630 kg
On Sale: Germany, Italy, and France in September, Spain through October, then December in the U.K.
To be announced
BMW 3-Series, Mercedes C-Class, Audi A4, Lexus IS200, Jaguar X-Type.
Would I buy one?
No. BMW 3-Series has inside track, but watch out for the Lexus steaming up on the outside.
*** out of 5
All the qualities you’d expect from Alfa
Has it exorcised the negatives?

home page / more reviews / auto industry news / top of page